Friday, February 22, 2013

Active650 and Bursitis

What is a Bursa or Bursitis?


‘Bursa’ is Latin for ‘purse’, and describes the small fluid filled sacs found in joints. The fluid in a bursa is called synovial fluid and resembles a raw egg white in both appearance and consistency. Whilst bursae are found in most major joints in the body, when they are associated with pain it is normally in the knee, elbow, hip and shoulder.

The Role of a Bursa


The bursae are found in regions of the joints where muscles and tendons rub against other muscles, tendons and bones, and around bony prominences.
The role of the bursa is twofold:
  • Lubrication – The viscous fluid in the sac helps to prevent friction as the joint moves.
  • Shock absorption – Forces in the joint are dissipated through the fluid medium.

Bursitis


Elbow Bursitis illustrating Swollen Elbow Joint Bursitis is commonly caused by repetitive movement and excessive pressure causing an over production of synovial fluid and a swelling of the bursa. This can be the result of acute trauma or a chronic build up over time. Sometimes an infection can be responsible for bursitis.
Knee Bursitis illustrating Swollen Knee Joint Pain, which can range from a sharp localised pain to a dull ache around the bursa, is usually worse during and after activity and the joint often feels stiff and immobile the following day. The swelling is usually sore to touch.
Common terms for various types of bursitis are:
  • Carpet fitter’s knee – inflammation of the bursa at the front of the kneecap.
  • Clergyman’s knee – inflammation of the bursa just below the kneecap.
  • Student’s elbow – inflammation of the bursa around the bony prominence of the elbow.

Treatment


Treatment and Care for Elbow Bursitis or Tennis Elbow Immediate treatment for bursitis should involve rest, ice and elevation. Manual therapies such as Physiotherapy and massage have been shown to be helpful in reducing the swelling.

Painkillers and anti-inflammatories may help to manage the symptoms. In extreme cases the inflamed bursa can be manually drained by a specialist, a process called aspiration.

How does an Active650 support help?


We advise not to use any compression if the swelling is at it's maximum, once the symptoms are under control it is important to protect the joint from further aggravation and an unwanted return of the symptoms.

Treatment and Care of Knee Bursitis and Knee Joint Pain Knees and elbows can be protected from the forces that cause bursitis by wearing a form-fitted Active650.

Whether for people whose professions require a lot of kneeling, repetitive movements or athletes competing in sports where the joints can be exposed to knocks and impact, an Active650 support will provide protection that is comfortable to wear all day no matter how you move.

By lessening the external impact and reducing the internal stresses and loads on the joint an Active650 support gives you total protection. The superior elasticity of an Active650 support will ensure maximum comfort without being restrictive or needing constant adjustment.

Every Muscle, Every Body

Ben Scott, BSc (hons)
Anatomical Sciences

Active650.com


Monday, February 4, 2013

Knee Pain and Meniscus Tears

What is “meniscus”?


Knee Pain and Meniscus Tears, what is meniscus? Each knee contains 2 menisci; a lateral (outside) and a medial (inside) meniscus. They are fibrous cartilage wedges that sit between the end of the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone).
It was thought that the role played by the menisci was limited and it was common for the complete surgical removal of them following any damage. However, lately their roles have been described as:
  • Shock absorbers
  • Stabilisers (important if there has been damage to the ACL)
  • Load bearers
  • It is also thought that they may play a role in lubrication of the joint, providing the joint with nutrition and also aiding with proprioception (sensory feedback)

Damage to the meniscus


How to strap a knee and treat Knee Pain and Meniscus Tears Meniscus tears are the most common injury presenting to orthopaedic knee surgeons and are often the result of sports injury; most commonly with the twisting of a flexed knee under load.
In older knees the meniscus becomes less elastic and can tear with a lower level of movement or even spontaneously if the progressive degeneration is severe enough.
Typical symptoms of meniscal tears are:
  • Pain either at the front or the back of the knee
  • Episodes of the knee giving way
  • Swelling, either permanent or after an episode of pain or giving way
  • Locking, with the knee being stuck and not being able to straighten fully
One, or any combination of the above may be experienced by someone with a meniscal tear.

Treatment


Treatment of Knee Pain and Meniscus Tears with Knee Strapping and bracing Immediate treatment for any knee pain should follow the RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) principle. A diagnosis of a meniscal tear will be made by a qualified professional.
Once diagnosed the injury should be rested and any aggravating activities should be stopped with the aim being to remove as much load and stress from the knee joint as possible. Active treatment may be required, in the form of physiotherapy or, in severe cases, surgery.

How does an Active650 Knee support help?


In the first instance the “C” of the RICE mnemonic is compression. As Active650 knee supports provide the most effective uniform compression of any supports on the market, we can help by reducing the degree of swelling post-injury. The benefit of an Active650 support at this stage is not only its superior compression but also its comfort. Once in place it will not move and the high level of elasticity means that there is no tourniquet effect and no digging in or pinching of sensitive and painful areas.

Knee brace and strapping for Meniscus tears and Knee Joint Pain An Active650 knee support will help you as your rest, recovery and rehabilitation progresses. The menisci have a poor blood supply. Therefore the increased warmth provided by the form-fit support of an Active650 will increase the flow of blood to the knee joint aiding the supply of oxygen and nutrients to help repair damaged tissue.

As the rehabilitation begins or, in the case of minor tears, as you start to increase your activity you need to move the knee as much as you can, in order to prevent the joint from stiffening and to strengthen the surrounding muscles. However, you do not want to move the knee too much, so that it causes re-injury or worsens the existing injury.
The key is to mobilise and load the knee in a controlled manner, within the limits of pain.

Conventional restrictive supports will not only prevent movement of the knee they can result in the muscles becoming reliant on the brace. With an Active650 knee support you get protection from excess load and stresses with no restriction of movement. You can achieve your rehabilitation potential more quickly, in more comfort with more security.

Every Muscle, Every Body!


Ben Scott, BSc (hons)
Anatomical Sciences

Active650.com